Project 1

Title:    Quantitative Resource Survey (QRS)

Duration: 1994-1998

Objective:

  • To identify all the NTFP available in the tribal; areas of East Godavari districts
  • To estimate the likely quantitative availability of the NTFP resources of the are
  • To high light the NTFP which is available in lesser quantities but has a greater economic value and
  • To also assess the likely reasons for the availability of lesser quantities and suggest remedial measures, if it is due to biotic reasons

Description: Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd procures some of the NTFP collected by the tribal on monopoly basis to avoid middle men. The procurement is restricted to a limited number of NTFP items as the full data on the availability, distribution and available quantities of NTFPs are not available. In this regard in order to assess the same Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd, Visakhapatnam has given the project to Kovel Foundation

During the project period Kovel Foundation has submitted 260 species of NTFP/MAPs and 472 herbariums to Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd, Visakhapatnam from the agency areas of East Godavari district.

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd, Visakhapatnam

Project 2

Title:    Herbarium Project  

Duration:  1994- 1997

Objective: to collect the parts of important and marketable NTFP and Medicinal plants for preparation of Herbarium

Description:  The project has its focus on collecting the parts of important and marketable Non-Timber Forest Produces and Medicinal plants for preparation of Herbarium.

In this project Kovel Foundation has prepared the herbarium with 260 NTFP/MAP species and submitted the same to Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd, Visakhapatnam.

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd, Visakhapatnam

Project 3

Title:    Training on Scientific Tapping of Gum Karaya (Sterculia urens Roxb.) to improve the quality of gum and to increase and sustain income levels of the potential tribal gum pickers in Parvathipuram Agency area of Vizianagaram District of Andhra Pradesh”

Duration: 1999-2001

Objective: to introduce new income generating activities amongst tribal Gum Pickers, to educate the tribal community on un-destructive practices of the forest and judicious use of the forest wealth

Description: This project has given opportunity to Kovel Foundation to introduce new income generating activities amongst tribal Gum Pickers, educating the tribal community on un-destructive practices of the forest and judicious use of the forest wealth, helping gum pickers to realise the higher prices for gum by practicing scientific methods, formation and strengthening of Girijan Gum Pickers association, engaging tribal youth as village liason workers for implementation, supervision and future follow up of the project and the organization has also initiated the group based activities amongst tribal.

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: Sri Ratan Tata Trust, Mumbai

Project 4

Title:    Exploration and collection of Germplasm of medicinal and aromatic plants of

Andhra Pradesh (M & AP)

Duration: 1999-2002

Objective:

  • Exploration and collection of medicinal and aromatic plants
  • Documentation of ethnobotanical information and supply of seed/planting material along with documental data to NBPGR
  • Participation in plant biodiversity conservation and management awareness programme at grass root level

Description:  About 326 Germplasm material of M & AP, cereals, pulses, vegetables, die yielding plants collected from tribal areas of East Godavari, Warangal and Khammam Districts of Andhra Pradesh. The survey resulted in collection of medicinal plants which are rare, and some are endangered due to their over exploitation and deforestation activities.

No of Families covered: –

Partner/Donor:  National Bureau of Plant Genetic Research, New Delhi

Project 5

Title:    Training on Scientific Tapping of Gum Karay (Sterculia urens Roxb.) to improve the quality of gum and to increase and sustain income levels of the potential tribal gum pickers in Visakhapatnam District of Andhra Pradesh”

Duration:  2000-2001

Objective: to introduce new income generating activities amongst tribal Gum Pickers, to educate the tribal community on un-destructive practices of the forest and judicious use of the forest wealth

Description: This project has given opportunity to Kovel Foundation to introduce new income generating activities amongst tribal Gum Pickers, educating the tribal community on un-destructive practices of the forest and judicious use of the forest wealth, helping gum pickers to realise the higher prices for gum by practicing scientific methods, formation and strengthening of Girijan Gum Pickers association, engaging tribal youth as village liason workers for implementation, supervision and future follow up of the project and the organization has also initiated the group based activities amongst tribals.

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: CANADA FUND FOR LOCAL INITIATIVES (CFLI)

Project 6

Title:    Study and Documentation of Ethnobotanical Data in Agency areas of East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh.

Duration: 2000-2001

Objective: to collect the ethnobotanical data from 58 vidhyas for 99 diseases

Description: Through this project Kovel Foundation is able to collect the ethnobotanical data from 58 vidhyas for 99 diseases and the same diseases are categorized into 10 major heads, this study broadly revealed that 386 plant species are used by 58 tribal vaidhyas to cure 99 diseases, information is also collected regarding the plants used as insect repellent and pesticide and also information has been collected on plants used in myths and beliefs.

No of Families covered: 58 tribal vaidhyas

Partner/Donor:  National Tree Growers Cooperative Federation LTD

Project 7

Title:    Baseline Survey of the marketable Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) species in Amrabad Mandal of Mahaboob Nagar and KVB Puram Mandal of Chithoor Districts of Andhra Pradesh

Duration: October 1st to November 30th of 2001

Objective: to identify the youth who can be trained on NTFP and also to evolve a scheme for conservation and regeneration of the NTFP

Description: Kovel Foundation has conducted a baseline survey of marketable NTFP and medicinal plants in the potential areas focussing on gumkaraya and gum Kondagogu which are the most valuable NTF and the available quantities of the same. The study is able to identify the list of youth who can be trained on NTFP and also the study has given scope to evolve a scheme for conservation and regeneration of the NTFP.

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP), Hyderabad

Project 8

Title:    Rapid Appraisal Survey

Duration:  2001-2002

Objective: Survey to gather information of Gum Pickers

Description: In this exercise Kovel Foundation has prepared an inventory of 592 Gum Pickers from 114 villages of Sithampeta of Srikakulam District of Andhra Pradesh

No of Families covered: 592 Gum Pickers from 114 villages

Partner/Donor: ITDA, Seethampeta

Project 9

Title:    Women’s Economic Empowerment in the Market place – India Gum Karaya

Duration:  2002 – 2008

Objective: To empower women in the market place by enhancing their collective bargaining power and analyzing their NTFP livelihood activities using the value chain analysis, and by employing demand-driven approach to secure niche markets and mobilizing complementary services and resources

Description:  Women’s Economic Empowerment in the market place – India Gum Karaya (WEEM-IGK) project has been implemented by Kovel Foundation with a clear objective to empower women in the market place by enhancing their collective bargaining power using the value chain analysis and employing demand-driven approach to securing niche markets and mobilizing complementary services and resources.

Reduced violence against women indicates the ultimate impact of the project and now people are coming to have an exposure to the MACSs to replicate in their area. By end of the project, majority of the women from the project area are the better bargainers and taking active part in the decision making enabled them to move up in the value chain. As part of the follow-up strategy towards sustainability, the project has identified and built the capacities of20 Community Resource Persons (CRPs) who support the project beyond its period.

No of Families covered: 2000 house holds

Partner/Donor: United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), New Delhi and Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP), Hyderabad

Project 10

Title:    Sustainable Tribal Empowerment Project

Duration:  2002 – 2008

Objective: “Improvement in the quality of life of the poorest and disadvantaged members of tribal society in Northern Andhra Pradesh on a sustainable basis through community empowerment.”

Description:  Significant improvement in terms of health, education, household income, food security for 4542 households by strengthening Community Based Organizations with the capacity to plan and manage the community development activities.

Under this project,

  • Kovel-Care-STEP has facilitated the community and constructed the 6 Micro Projects for drinking water in Thamarapalli, Ugamgoyyi, Vanjangi, Gurupalli, gurragaruvu and Sangodi villages of Paderu Mandal
  • Promoted 56 Grain Banks covering 56 villages of Paderu & G. Madugula Mandals besides strengthening the women.
  • The project has released an amount of Rs.3, 36,000/- towards promotion of the Grain Banks @Rs 6000/-per group.
  • Improvement in the performance of SHGs in terms of regular saving, internal lending, book keeping, etc.
  • Project has promoted 100 kitchen gardens with nutritional and economical valuable species
  • 3 nurseries have been promoted with Bamboo and horticultural plants at Thamarapalli, Vanjangi and Patha Gulli villages of Paderu Mandal and distributed the same.

No of Families covered:           4622 Households

Partner/Donor: CARE, Visakhapatnam

Project 11

Title:    Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA)

Duration:  2006 – 2011

Objective: Non-pesticide management practices in agriculture, training and implementation with an aim to reduce the cost of external inputs and increase in the yield

Description: Non-Pesticide Management (NPM) primarily focuses on replacing the external inputs with the local knowledge, management skills, labour, and effective utilization of natural products and processes locally available. The farmers understand the pest biology and life cycle and modify the crop management practices to keep the insect population under check, from reaching a pest status.

Through this project Kovel has done following work,

  • Formation of Sasya Mithra Groups, NPM Sub Committees at Village & Mandal level and monitoring and follow up of Farmers’ Field Schools
  • Capacity building for the farmers on the lines of pest and disease management, preparation of extracts, organic manure, mulching, NPM non-negotiable methods, etc.
  • Promoted preparation and use of Bio-fertilizers like Ghana Jeevamritham, Drava Jeevamritham, compost, Azolla, etc
  • Facilitated the poorest of the poor target farmers to develop Palekar (36X36 & Crop) & Sholapur models where in food grains, vegetables & horticulture species are grown in a minimum land that enables the farmers to ensure food and economic security to optimum extent round the year
  • Technical and institutional support to the VOs and MMS’ NPM Sub Committees during regular meetings and Farmers’ Field School

No of Families covered: 1070 Households

Partner/Donor: SERP, Hyderabad

Project 12

Title:    Training programme for the Honey harvesters on scientific collection and quality extraction of wild bee’s honey in Andhra Pradesh

Duration: 2006 -2008

Objective:

  • To create awareness about the merits and demerits of scientific practices versus existing practices from collection to marketing of honey with special focus on regeneration of honey bees.
  • To impart training on skill building for collection and extraction of wild quality honey by following best practices.
  • To educate on the usage of honey harvesting kit, practical demonstration of honey harvesting and wax preparation

Description: The main contents of the program were, sharing the experiences of the trainees on the existing practices of honey harvesting – its adverse impact, importance and need for the honey extraction on scientific lines, types of honey bees and features, life cycle of honey bees, division of bees family, relationship between forest and honey bees, seasonality, existing practices of honey collection, honey – its production & collection, collection of honey – usage of kit, practical demonstration on sustainable honey collection in the field, experience sharing on the field visit, processing of honey, quality control, grading & preparation of wax, products & uses of honey, GCC network in marketing, resource mapping, need and formation of Honey Harvesters Association (HHA), sustainable honey harvesting-role of various stakeholders, etc. and concluded with training evaluation, distribution of kits and distribution of certificates.

No of Families covered: 2110 Families

Partner/Donor: Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED), New Delhi

Project 13

Title:    Training programme to the tribal Gum pickers on scientific tapping and skill up gradation for       income generation in the State of Andhra Pradesh

Duration:  2007 – 2009

Objective: To train the tribal Gum pickers on scientific tapping and skill up gradation for income generation

Description:  It has been estimated that a total of 10000 tribal families have been depending upon collection and sales of Gum Karaya across the state of Andhra Pradesh. During the first 2 phases, a total of 7000 Gum Pickers have been targeted and during the 3rd phase, 2500 Gum Picking families are being targeted for skill up gradation. Though both the spouses in the family involve in the process of different stages of Gum Karaya value chain, only one member from each family has been benefited during the earlier 2 phases. Moreover, only ITP followed by RTP has been conducted besides providing improved tool kits.

No of Families covered: 9500 families

Partner/Donor: Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED), New Delhi

Project 14

Title:    Socio Economic Impact Study on Social Forestry Program

Duration: 2007-2008

Objective:  to assess the Socio-Economic Impact of Social Forestry Program

Description:  Kovel Foundation has extended its support to ITC Ltd to assess the Socio-Economic Impact of Social Forestry Program being implemented in 250 villages of 14 Mandals of Khammam district of Andhra Pradesh which has covered 5, 600 tribal families by bringing 12, 000 acres of land into pulpwood plantation. Kovel foundation has assessed the programme in the following areas:

  • Socio economic impact of the social forestry programme on the target community
  •  Efficiency of programme implementation
  • Programme analysis in terms of coverage, survival and quality besides the potential wealth created
  • Making recommendations to improve the programme delivery and methodology and also Documented the best practices and case studies

No of Families covered: 5, 600 tribal families of 250 villages

Partner/Donor:  ITC Ltd

Project 15

Title:    Training to 6000 tribal on the identification, collection and processing, etc. of medicinal plants for their economic sustenance and conservation of the resources in the State of Andhra Pradesh

Duration:  2008 – 2010

Objective:

  • To create awareness on the scientific harvesting methods of various medicinal plants which are not harvested so far
  • To create awareness about the merits and demerits of scientific practices versus existing practices from collection to marketing of medicinal plants with special focus on regeneration of the same

Description: During the training programme, correct identification of species, collection of useful part & uses, simple harvesting, post harvesting, value addition, regeneration techniques are be covered besides providing tool kits. Market linkages provided to the trainee collectors with GCC covering both DR. Depot or at Shandy level or at seasonal purchase centers.

The trainees were given intensive inputs on sustainable forest resource management, potential of medicinal herbs marketing, identification of genuine plant, local and scientific uses, name of the useful part, ideal time of collection, method of collection, post harvesting techniques, need of improved tools and its usage, regeneration techniques, quality control techniques,

No of Families covered:                         –

Partner/Donor: National Medicinal Plants Board, New Delhi

Project 16

Title:    Sustainable Tribal Economic Empowerment through NTFP Value Chain Management

Duration:  2009 – 2012

Objective: To empower NTFP collectors in the market place by enhancing their collective bargaining power and analyzing their NTFP livelihood activities using the value chain analysis, and by employing demand-driven approach to secure market linkages and mobilizing complementary services and resources.

Description: The main interventions under the project are institution building, capacity building, quality & quantity enhancement of NTFP, value addition at household as well as Community Based Organization (CBO) level, conservation & regeneration of economically important species like Gum Karaya and collective initiatives as part of sustainable economic empowerment of NTFP dependent tribal families in the project area.

Promoted and built community organisations with NTFP dependent families controlled and managed by themselves for their economic empowerment. This has been achieved by mobilizing the NTFP dependent families into NTFP Groups (Common Interest Group-CIG) with 15 to 20 families, which have been developed into Clusters with 20 CIGs covering 400 families and 5 Clusters were promoted and strengthened at project level in each location covering 6000 NTFP dependent families. Market linkages were established with the Girijan Cooperative Corporation and other marketing agencies for increased bargaining power. All the project initiatives would be facilitated in such a way wherein control and management in the hands of the community. Regeneration of Gum Karaya was one of the key activities in the project

No of Families covered: 6000 Families

Partner/Donor: Jamsetji Tata Trust, Mumbai

Project 17

Title:    Sustainable Tribal Empowerment Project

Duration:  2009 – 2013

Objective:

  • To promote and sustain Community Based Organisations (CBOs) for addressing their livelihood issues
  • To facilitate women’s access to and control over the market by employing alternative approaches and by strengthening their bargaining power
  • To widen market opportunities for women’s, produce through appropriate and effective market intelligence and essential technical support.
  • To enhance women’s capacity to market their products

Description:  Empowering the tribal to address the needs of their livelihoods with respect to sustainable utilization of forest resources and institutional building with special focus on women besides the social issues by enhancing their collective bargaining power

  • Institutionalization of SHGs and MACSs as self-sustainable enterprises to promote alternative marketing channels controlled and managed by women besides other social development activities
  • Value chain analysis and market research to understand the situation and enhanced capability of client community as per the needs
  • Increased awareness among the service providers and general public on low health and human development indicators among tribal arising from marginalization

No of Families covered:  1070 households

Partner/Donor: Skill share International & DFID, New Delhi

Project 18

Title:    Technical and institutional support to Gum Pickers in Thummalacheruvu Gram Panchayat of Aswapuram Mandal, Khammam District

Duration: 2010- 2011

Objective: to provideon-site technical support and training/capacity building of Gum Pickers’ groups in Aswapuram Panchayat

Description:  In order to assess the existing status of NTFP in terms of its potential, gaps in the chain from source to marketing, opportunities for further expansion besides assessing the performance of the community based organizations in the area where National Agricultural Innovations Programme has been implemented and the study has concluded that  there is a scope for facilitating conservation of natural resources particularly with regard to NTFP livelihood wherein Gum Karaya is key commodity by building the capacities of dependent families on scientific harvest management and value addition through which their economic thereby overall empowerment is anticipated in the near future.

As part of this programme Kovel Foundation has provided on-site technical support and training/capacity building of Gum Pickers’ groups in Aswapuram Panchayat, in scientific sustainable methods of gum collection, storage, processing and value addition, provided planning and facilitated visits of some of the Gum Pickers’ group members to areas to expose them to best practices, in terms of picking quality gum and institutional innovations and introduced better tools and equipment to the groups and trained them on proper use of the same 

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: Center for World Solidarity, Hyderabad      

Project 19

Title:    Avenue Plantation

Duration:  2011 (1 Month)

Objective: to increase the green cover and provide employment opportunities through plantation work

Description: Kovel Foundation in coordination and support from the Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd has executed Avenue Plantation program in Auto Nagar area of Visakhapatnam of Andhra Pradesh.  Under the programme nine important roads in and around Auto Nagar areas of Visakhapatnam have been covered with Avenue Plantation.

A total number of 1975 of plants have been planted and Kovel Foundation has engaged tribal community in the plantation programme. During the avenue plantation programme, a total of 859 man-days have been created for the tribals who were mobilized from the Agency area of Visakhapatnam. They are able to realize an approximate amount of 2.5 lakhs towards the wage.

No of Families covered: NA

Partner/Donor: Hindustan Petroleum Corpn. Ltd

Project 20

Title:    Solar drying of gums, herbs and minor forest produce for the benefit of tribal in Visakhapatnam      district

Duration:  2011 – 2012

Objective: The project aims at the development of new innovative processes of forest produce with the help of solar powered air dryers which are designed, developed and commercialized by SEED for high quality product and value addition of the product

Description:  Since most of the collected NTFP/Medicinal plants are being sold in raw form without adding any value locally that is resulting in fetching un remunerative prices for the produce, unfortunately, there is no proper research taken on these commodities. Keeping this and need for taking up R & D for at least major commodities in view, Kovel Foundation in collaboration with SEED, Hyderabad has implemented a project through support from NABARD under RIF-proposal on Solar Drying of Gums, Herbs and Minor Forest Produce for the benefit of tribal in Visakhapatnam District.

Kovel Foundation is able to contribute towards ensuring high quality and value-added products of medicinal plants viz Kalmegh, Gum Karaya, Maredu Gaddalu, Sathavari and Sugandhi. This effort has helped the community in realizing higher price for their produce as they have utilized the skills learnt from capacity building provided.

No of Families covered:           –

Partner/Donor: Society for Energy, Environment& Development (SEED) & NABARD, Hyderabad

Project 21

Title: Maathota

Duration:  2010 – 2016

Objective:

  • To make use of existing uncultivable, barren and abandoned kondapodu (shifting cultivation) patches of land for making it productive by undertaking economically and commercially important species.
  • To promote and strengthen Community Based Organisation/s (farmer/growers’ collectives) with tribal families for making it self-sustained and self-managed beyond the project period.
  • To promote and develop sustainable livelihoods by harnessing the natural resources especially abundant forest resources in the project area
  • To improve the farm and non-farm knowledge and skills of the dependent community through capacity building programmes enabling them to address their issues and needs
  • To promote value addition initiatives through transfer of technology and skill building
  • To involve the women in development process and creating awareness on gender realities, gender issues
  • To provide awareness on health facilities and strengthen delivery system

Description:  The project is meant for developing one acre per farmer in own lands of tribal for planting various economically viable species namely Mango & Amla as Core plantation and Gum Karaya and Teak as border plantation. In this plantation model, a total of 143 plants can be planted and managed. The project also promotes inter crop with pulses like blackgram, green gram, horse gram, cowpea etc based on the choice of the farmers.

As the project is being implemented through participatory approach, it will help in building of community-based organisations such as Self Help Groups. The empowerment tribal of women through SHG linkage development of Micro-entrepreneurship through skill training like Tamarind Processing, Adda Leaf stitching, Amla, medicinal plants etc. helps in reduced dependence on moneylenders, increased food security through setting up of grain banks, reduced exploitation by traders, etc. The health component incorporated into the programme will improve the general health of community, especially of women in terms of awareness, promotion of kitchen gardens, safe drinking water available in the village through Micro projects, etc.

No of Families covered: 1000 Families

Partner/Donor: NABARD, Hyderabad

Project 22

Title:    Producer Centric Decentralised Supply Chain Management for Tribal Women’s Sustainable   Economic, Food and Health Security

Duration:  NA

Objective:

The overall goal of the project is economic empowerment of NTFP/MAPs dependent tribal women through establishment of community owned and managed decentralized supply chain for effective procurement, processing, marketing and regeneration of NTFP/MAPs and promotion of herbal medicine as an affordable and relevant health care delivery system in the project area. The project seeks to improve the income for 12,000 NTFP/MAPs collector and cultivator families by at least Rs. 27,000 per household per year.  With a focus on sustainability, the project aims to strengthen the supply chain to operate it as the community-led social enterprise model, with commercial and institutional viability. 

Description:  Kovel Foundation with the joint support of NRLM & SERP is implementing Producer Centric Decentralized Supply Chain Management for Tribal Women’s sustainable Economic, Food and Health Security program and NRLM is supporting the current initiative under Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP), a large scheme of Ministry of Rural Development of Government of India.

Kovel has expected the following outcomes from this project,

  • Formation and strengthening of institutions of forest-dependent tribal families to manage and govern NTFP/MAP supply chain in a decentralised way
  • Establishing a well-functioning community managed supply chain for procurement, processing and marketing of MAP/NTFP on behalf of tribal communities
  • Strengthen the of primary production in agriculture, horticulture and MAP for enabling food security and regeneration
  • Build capacities of tribal families and CRPs on traditional health care practices and effective use of these and reviving and strengthening traditional health care delivery system in the project area.
  • Establishing institutional support mechanism to provide technical, marketing and other services to community organisations and other stakeholders
  • Establish linkages of the Producers Organisations at various levels with variety of stakeholders to leverage support in finance and other services

No of Families covered: 12,000 families

Partner/Donor: NRLM and SERP

Project 23

Title:    Promotion of Large Scale Tusar Based Livelihoods in Andhra Pradesh

Duration:  2013-2017

Objective:

  • Building capacities of all participating families in adopting skills to effectively and profitably engage in livelihood activities based on Tusar Sericulture
  • Introduction of improved technologies and practices to push the productivity frontiers for accelerated growth in Tusar Sector
  • Strengthening seed sector to eliminate the key supply constraint in Tusar sericulture.
  • To promote large scale replication through infusion of credits from the banks
  • Investment to create alternative market mechanism to ensure fair prices for cocoons
  • Promote Producers’ collective to provide sustainable systems of services to participant families.

Description:  The project “Promotion of Large Scale Tusar Based Livelihoods in Andhra Pradesh under Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) is based on the successful creation of replicable micro-entrepreneurial models and the best practices arrived under the special SGSY projects in Bihar and Jharkhand which were recognized by ‘Times of India Social Impact Award’ for the year 2012 to the Central Silk Board under ‘Livelihoods’ category. The project proposes to be implemented in Adilabad, Warangal, Khammam, Karimnagar and East Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.

From this project Kolam has expected following outcomes,

  • Increasing the skill levels of the tribal households in various activities of Tusar sector
  • Building backward and forward linkages across the Tusar silk value chain and self-sustaining community institutions
  • Creation of large pool of technical and entrepreneurial capacity for the Tusar sub – sector to increase the bargaining power of tribal
  • Drudgery reduction for tribal women
  • Many ‘Passive’ rearers would become active due to better linkages and market support
  • Production and availability of basic and commercial seed locally,
  • Significant improvement in poverty indicators of health and food security

No of Families covered:  5982 families

Partner/Donor: NA